A person’s hair is more than just an accessory; it helps define who they are. Everyone’s hair is different, whether it’s curly, straight, wavy, frizzy, graying, dyed gray, or dyed in general, we use it as a way to express our personalities. Whether we’re heading out on the town with a bedhead or spending more time than usual to perfect the ultimate looking hair-do, everyone’s hair is different.

Imagine for a moment that one day your hair suddenly betrays you and falls out of your head without any warning. Unfortunately this is a true reality that can happen to anyone. People who live with alopecia areata are forced to confront this reality on a daily basis, which is unfortunate for some since hair plays such a big role for a lot of people. That said, understanding alopecia areata can be difficult which is why we’ve gone into deeper detail about it in this blog.

Through Both Good Times And Bad

When you think about hair loss, the picture of a balding, an older person may spring to mind. This is because male pattern baldness and female pattern baldness are the two most common causes of hair loss. The American Academy of Dermatology utilizes this catchall phrase to characterize alopecia areata as the outcome of an assault on the hair follicles by the immune system of the body, which results in patchy hair loss.

It is common for people who have alopecia areata to first become aware that their hair is thinning in an erratic pattern when they are still children, and the majority of cases are often identified before the individual reaches the age of 30. In general, males are more prone to have hair loss than women are, but women are more likely to be affected by this autoimmune condition. In addition to this, there is no cure for alopecia areata that is universally applicable to everyone. There are only some permanent treatments and procedures that you can get to help promote new hair growth.

Symptoms And Indications Of Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is characterized by the rapid onset of bald patches that are often oval or circular in shape and occur most frequently on the scalp. It’s possible that this condition affects your skin in other regions as well. The affected skin will eventually develop a smooth texture. There is a chance for new patches to appear by linking up with existing bald spots.

In rare instances, balding may be a permanent condition. It is possible for hair follicles to get damaged, but the sebaceous glands that produce oil in the skin typically see relatively little change. The skin does not harden or atrophy in this condition. In a very small number of instances, the loss of entire body hair may occur and this is considered to be the worst possible case. 

It’s possible that the emotional effects of this condition are more challenging for some people to manage than the disorder’s physical symptoms. The vast majority of persons who have alopecia areata are otherwise in good health, and the condition itself is not indicative of a more severe or life-threatening underlying condition. 

Different Types Of Alopecia Areata

The various forms of alopecia areata are as follows: 

  • Totalis, 
  • Universalis, 
  • Diffuse,
  • Ophiasis, 
  • Cicatricial.

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Alopecia areata is typically defined by ring-shaped bald patches on the scalp, and its symptoms are all characterized by this indicator. If the disease continues to worsen or spreads, it has the potential to evolve into alopecia totalis or universalis; thus, if you see one or more bald patches on your body in areas where hair would normally grow, you should consult a dermatologist to get an official diagnosis. 

Alopecia Areata Totalis 

Due to the fact that Alopecia Areata Totalis is defined by the full loss of hair on the scalp, medical professionals are hesitant to diagnose patients with this condition. Although there is no known treatment for this problem at the present time, it is known that hair may regenerate in patients even after a number of years have passed. This kind of hair loss is distinct from a disorder known as telogen effluvium, which causes temporary hair loss and is generally brought on by stress. Twenty percent of all persons who have this type of hair loss also have a family history of alopecia. 

Alopecia Areata Universalis 

This disorder is quite similar to alopecia areata totalis, however rather than causing patchy hair loss all over the body, it causes complete hair loss on the scalp. This includes your eyebrows, eyelashes, arms, legs, private region, the inside of your nose, and any other place on your body where hair may grow. It is believed that an autoimmune condition is the cause of this particular subtype of alopecia. 

Diffuse Alopecia Areata 

Diffuse alopecia areata, also known as alopecia areata incognito or DAA, is a form of alopecia that does not present itself as bald spots the size of coins. This form of the condition is more common in younger women. It manifests itself as sudden hair loss that takes place on the scalp. This disease, like Totalis and Universalis, may either recur or be a one-time occurrence for the affected individual. One third of all women diagnosed with DAA have instances of spontaneous hair regrowth and make a full recovery even without receiving therapy. 

Because rapid hair loss like this may be caused by a variety of factors, including stress both physical and emotional, medication, radiation, a deficiency in biotin, and even some illnesses, it is essential to monitor both your physical and mental health in order to maintain healthy hair. 

Alopecia Areata Ophiasis 

This particular kind of alopecia is characterized by a pattern of hair loss that resembles a snake. The word “ophiasis” originates from Greek and means “snake.” The presence of a T cell-mediated (immune response that does not need the presence of any antibodies) autoimmune illness, which manifests itself as a hairband-like breadth of bald patches on the scalp, is what gives this case its singularity. The temporal lobe, occipital lobe, and parietal region of the head are the areas of the scalp that are most often affected by ophiasis, and the disease may cause hair regrowth to be more cyclical than it is in other cases. 

Cicatricial Alopecia Areata

Cicatricial alopecia is a kind of hair loss that is caused by a reaction from the immune system to the developing hair follicles. Scar tissue replaces the hair follicles, making it very difficult for new hair to grow through the scalp. This kind of alopecia areata is quite distinct from the other varieties. Because of this, the scalp may become scaly, red, or even bald as a direct consequence of the condition. This form of alopecia may be helped by reducing the inflammation in your body, which can be accomplished by consuming more foods that are anti-inflammatory.

Various Methods Of Treatment 

There are many treatments available for alopecia areata, which you might try if you’re feeling downhearted about your diagnosis or exhausted from taking the medicine your doctor prescribed: 

Corticosteroids 

Reducing the immunological response to hair loss may be useful, but it may also have unintended negative effects. Corticosteroids are effective in suppressing the immune system, but they also have the potential to have adverse side effects. Before beginning treatment with corticosteroids, you should consult your primary care physician at all times. 

Minoxidil 

Minoxidil is a non-surgical therapy option that is used to provoke an allergic response in order to assist in stimulating hair growth. This normally occurs within three months after the initial administration and frequent application of the medication. When it begins to act properly, you may have a rash, and you should also see new hair growth. Once again, this should be advised to you by your doctor. 

Hair Transplant

The process of hair transplantation includes the movement of small hair follicles of skin from sections of the scalp that have healthy hair follicles to portions of the scalp that are bald. A person may need several hundred follicles, with implantation sessions ranging from 10 to 60 plugs each. It’s possible that the hair that was transplanted may fall out, but after a few months, new hair should start growing from the follicles that were transplanted.  Follicular unit hair transplants are a more recent kind of hair transplantation that may transplant anywhere from one to four hair follicles extremely close to one another, resulting in a more realistic appearance. The two top methods are known as follicular unit transplantation (FUT), another option called follicular unit extraction (FUE) is also available. FUE is the more common of the two methods.

How Can Nova Medical Hair Transplant in Miami Help

Dealing with alopecia areata can be difficult especially if you’re not aware of the symptoms of the condition. For that reason, it’s extremely important to reach out to our Nova Medical Hair Transplant in Miami if you have any concerns or are worried that you may have the condition yourself. Our team of experts in Miami can help develop an effective treatment plan in order to target the condition and promote new healthy hair growth in the areas of hair loss. Contact our clinic directly or book a consultation online today!

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