How FUT and FUE Hair Transplant Techniques Work: Donor Hair Quality and Quantity
The process for both methods is mostly the same in terms of implanting the grafts, but the procedure itself is different. Hair grafts are inserted into tiny incisions in the damaged scalp region using FUE and FUT hair transplant methods. The surgeon must use extreme attention while dispersing and placing the small incisions throughout the two surgeries so that they seamlessly merge with the patients’ natural hair. To place the grafts, the surgical team uses a micro-punch tool, implanter devices, or very tiny forceps. To prevent follicle damage and maximize the longevity of the grafts, the surgical team must be cautious with how they handle and store them.
The graft source is an interesting point of similarity between the two procedures. The donor region, which are parts of the scalp where hair will always grow because of genetics, is the source of those hair grafts. That being said, while both methods remove donor hair from those regions, these procedures work in different ways.
In short, the FUE method removes follicle grafts from the donor regions normally the sides and back of the head. The surgeon uses a micro-punch instrument to remove each follicular transplant. This treatment leaves a circular, up to a millimeter-wide scar from the hair transplant. Depending on how the hair follicles are removed, hundreds or even thousands of scars may be left behind by the punch instrument. Post-healing, these puncture scars could appear as little white spots which are easily concealed with different types of hair styles.
You should also be aware that this is a laborious procedure that will take many hours, if not days. To achieve the optimum outcome, you may repeat it multiple times over the course of two or three months.
One of the interesting pros of this surgery is that you don’t need sutures, and the recovery period is often brief. Utilizing local anesthetic, it is performed as an outpatient procedure.
A strip of scalp must be removed from the donor region in order to do this procedure. The donor region is often located on the back and sides of the head as we’ve previously mentioned. The field or donor region is stitched back together by the surgeon once the strip has been removed. Based on the removed strip, the suturing creates a linear scar with varying lengths. In certain cases, the scar tissue grows longer from ear to ear. The recipient regions, where there are micro-incisions for each hair, received the hair follicle grafts from the scalp strip. Sutures will be present after your procedure and you can normally get them removed after ten days. The use of local anesthetic is also used during this outpatient surgery.
Additionally, the FUT technique has a higher potential for swelling and discomfort than the FUE method, however individual outcomes may differ.
How flexible or supple the scalp’s skin is and the number of hairs patients have per square centimeter of donor scalp will influence the availability of long-term donor hair. In general, when comparing FUE with FUT, FUT offers more hair grafts to patients who are looking for a more dramatic hair transplant result as well as more coverage on the scalp.